Hofstra Law’s Research Laboratory for Law, Logic and Technology (LLT Lab) has had an article accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal, Law, Probability & Risk.
The title of the article is “A Process Approach to Inferences of Causation: Empirical Research from Vaccine Cases in the United States” (forthcoming 2013).
Professor Vern R. Walker, the LLT Lab’s director, co-authored the article with five student researchers from the Lab: Chan Hee Park, Philip H. Hwang, Arthur John, Evgeny I. Krasnov and Keith Langlais. Chan Park graduated in 2012, while the others will graduate in 2013.
As stated in the article’s abstract:
“In law, inferences of causation are sometimes made through a structured process in which multiple participants play various roles, and make decisions concerning various logical components of the overall inference (such as legal rules, policy objectives, presumptions, evidence, burdens of proof, and findings of fact).
This paper illustrates such a process using empirical research into compensation decisions in the United States for injuries allegedly caused by vaccinations. Empirical research into actual legal processes is essential, in order to discover how various players approach their sub-tasks of decision making.
It also provides insights for areas outside of law, such as nonmonotonic logic, cognitive science, sociology and artificial intelligence.”
The article is based on a presentation made at the Third International Conference on Quantitative Justice and Fairness, in Lisbon, Portugal (May 22-24, 2012).